The photograph shows the battlefield from behind the American position. The William river flows across the field from right to left, with Hunter's Ford on the left and is fordable to all arms (except artillery and wagons which must use the bridge on the turnpike). The turnpike to Philadelphia crosses the William river by a stone bridge. Hunter's Ford settlement can be seen close to the ford by Green Hill and Jacob's Wood. On the right, by the turnpike is the Mackenzie House, with Todd Hill to the rear. In the centre is The Knoll and in the rear Turnbull's Ridge, where the American commander, General Jonathan Agnew took position. His force was divided into three brigades, each with a mix on Continental and militia units. On the right was Brigadier Matthew Arnold, who had only recently been appointed. In the centre was Brigadier Thomas Hardy, an experienced commander who had fought under Agnew before. The left, around Hunter's Ford was held by Brigadier William Collins, a steady pair of hands. Agnew's task was to halt and if possible, repel the British advance and to this end he had deployed his rifle units forward to 'soften up' the enemy as they advanced.
|Collins' troops near Hunter's Ford|
|Von Bredow's men advance along the turnpike|
On the right, Addison's command moved forward quickly and soon the opposing skirmishers were exchanging shots. The line battalions moved up to the river and opened fire on the continentals on Green Hill. Outnumbered two to one the Americans were driven back and Addison urged his men forward. One battalion came under accurate artillery fire from Turnbull Ridge and had to halt to reform, but the others pushed on.
|Addison's men advance|
Von Bredow had by now deployed two battalions for the attack on the Mackenzie House. They were supported by artillery, the jaeger and on the turnpike, another musketeer battalion firing volleys. Undaunted by fire from the house and a supporting battalion, the fusiliers closed on the enemy. They charged home and almost forced their way into the building.but accumulated losses forced them to fall back. Their place was taken by the musketeers who fired a volley and then charged forward. When they reached the Mackenzie House they found that the enemy had vacated the premises. They too had had heavy losses and needed time to reform. The unlucky fusiliers were hit by artillery fire as they fell back and were forced to retreat even further. Von Bredow galloped over and helped them to reform.
|The Hessians attack the Mackenzie House|
|A view from Green Hill towards Todd Hill|
|Collins' militia drive off Addison's brigade|
|The Highlanders at the banks of the William river|
|The centre comes under heavy pressure|
What Agnew did not know was that Granville was also struggling. Addison's command was unfit to advance and his artillery was out of ammunition, (all the British guns suffered from shortage of ammunition). North was almost spent, his brigade holding its position by a mixture of bloody mindedness and the exertions of the NCO's. Only the Hessians were in reasonably good shape, but they were faced by difficult terrain and would take time to push home their advantage.
So as the Americans withdrew, covered by their cavalry, the British halted and saw to their wounded, brought up ammunition and planned for the next days advance. They had secured the bridge, but lost a day in the push towards Philadelphia.
This was an evenly balanced scenario from Steve and the result was in the balance to the end. A few lucky dice throws could have seen either side win.